History and Background

The history of enterprise formation and development began in 1963, when following the Decree of the Minister of the Mid-size Machinery Building Efim Pavlovich Slavskiy as of March 13, 1963, Laboratory # 36 was established in the structure of All-Union Scientific and Research Institute of Chemical Engineering (VNIIKhT) .This Laboratory was tasked with developing security equipment and coordinating a corresponding effort within the Ministry Mid-size Machinery Building.

The Laboratory personnel originally included a dozen of graduates of Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute and Institute of Communication. Already after a year of operation, the laboratory presented a number of prototypes of security sensors using various detection technologies. These prototypes were demonstrated at the internal exhibition in the Ministry and then were installed at many sites for the purposes of testing and trial operation.

Serial production of several types of new sensors designed to secure perimeters and premises of the sites began in 1966-1967. During the same period Data Acquisition & Processing System was developed, and massive installation of security equipment at the sites of the nuclear industry started.

In April of 1968, following the enactments of the country leadership, special departments for developing alarm systems to protect state borders, restricted areas, perimeters, buildings and rooms were established on the basis of All-Union Scientific and Research Institute of Chemical Engineering laboratories and Penza Instrument Production Plant.

In October of 1976 a Special Technical Department (STD) for centralized planning and work management in the area of security equipment development and implementation to adreess security of the state border and other critical sites was formed in the headquarters of the Ministry of Mid-size Machinery Building.

In 1977, All-Union Scientific and Research Institute of Physical Instruments (VNIIPhP) was established on the basis of the Special design Bureau of VNIIKhT, and special design department of Penza Instrument Production Plant was transformed into a Special Design and Engineering Department (SDED).

By the end of 70s and early 80s, VNIIPhP and SDED both proved that their teams had become true experts and professionals bonded with a team spirit. At the same time, personnel of both organizations possessed modern research, development, scientific and manufacturing capacities, several affiliated branches and test facilities with total number of employees reaching 3000 persons. Thus, by the middle of 80s, development and implementation of security equipment within the Ministry of Mid-size Machinery Building complex have become independent scientific, engineering and manufacturing project areas, where the content and scope of work were determined by state target investment programs and orders of the government.

In 1989, according to the resolution of the USSR Government (Order of the Minister for Atomic Energy of the USSR # 040 as of December 7, 1989), Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Special Scientific and Production Enterprise "Eleron" (FSUE "SSPE "Eleron") was formed on the basis of the 2nd Main Directorate of the Ministry of Mid-size Machinery Building, All-Union Scientific and Research Institute of Physical Instruments (VNIIPhP) of the Ministry Mid-size Machinery Building and its branches. The mission of the new enterprise was to address the development of security systems and installation of security equipment at the sites of the nuclear industry and other critical sites operated for the government.

By the Enactment of the Russian Federation Government # 911-50 as of September 15, 1993, FSUE "SSPE "Eleron" was appointed as the parent organization in the area of security system development and implementation at the critical sites of the Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy, as well as sites of the government, administrative buildings and large industrial facilities (Russian Open Joint-Stock Company “United Power Grids, oil, gas, and chemical complex etc).

In October of 2007, following the Enactment of the Russian Federation Government # 1372-R as of October 9, 2007, Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Special Scientific and Production Enterprise "Eleron" was awarded the status of the Federal Science and High Technology Center.

Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Special Scientific and Production Enterprise “Eleron” ceased to function (Notice of deregistration with the tax authority dated April 9, 2015). It has been reorganized into Joint Stock Company “Federal Center of Science and High Technologies “Special Scientific & Production Enterprice “Eleron” (JSC FCS&HT “SNPO “Eleron”).